Airport and Aircraft Security
In this lesson, you will see the various measures that are used for securing the Airport and parked Aircraft. The agencies carrying out security control measures and the gadgets used for this purpose shall also be discussed in brief.
Security: A combination of measures of human and material resources intended to safeguarded civil aviation against acts of unlawful interference.
Security control: A means by which the introduction of weapons, explosives or other dangerous devices, which may be utilized to commit an act of unlawful interference, can be prevented.
Types of Attacks
The types of attacks that can occur are:
Security Lapses at Airports
Some examples of lapses at Airports are given below;
Difficulties Presented While Protecting an Airport
The difficulties presented in trying to protect an airport are:
Security of Airports
The basic security measures that are carried out at an Airport are:
Access Control ensures that only authorized persons enter the airport, or specific areas of the airport premises. The task of carrying out the functions of Access Control at the Airport is entrusted to the Aviation Security Group (ASG). Access Control is done by checking the documents of authorization.
The Access is controlled at:
Access is controlled for:
The duty of taking anti-hijacking measures is assigned to the ASG at the Airports.
This has two components:
Screening of Hand Baggage : The hand baggage carried by the passenger is subjected to X-ray examination of the baggage is also carried out. If any dangerous article is found in the baggage, it is removed.
Screening of Passenger: The passenger, after passing the WTMD (Walk –through Metal Detector), is frisked with the help of the HHMD ( Hand Held Metal Detector), and if need be, is also subjected to a pat-down search, to ensure that no dangerous article is concealed on the body of the passenger.
The duty of taking Anti-Sabotage measures is generally entrusted to the Airlines. This pertains to screening of the registered baggage of a passenger. If the Airport has in-line baggage screening facilities, then this work is done by the Airport operator.
Guarding and Patrolling
Guarding and Patrolling job is done by the ASG at the Airport. Guarding is basically placing a static guard at a place or facility to ensure that the integrity of the place is intact. It is with the objective of protecting vulnerable areas and facilities.
Patrolling is a mobile function carried out by security personnel to ensure that there are no breaches or violations of the premises. It is with an objective to prevent and deter unauthorized access. Patrolling can be done by:
Surveillance is primarily done by the ASG, but other regulatory agencies like Customs, Police, Immigration, etc., are also involved in the surveillance at an airport, from their perspective.
Surveillance is done by:
Manual methods: A man is placed in an area to keep watch for suspicious activities by people. The person doing this duty is not in uniform.
CCTV: A network of cameras is placed in different areas, and a watch is kept in a covert manner over various people and activities at the Airport.
Contingency response is assigned to ASG. ASG is a dedicated team which looks after the various security contingencies of an airport, like Bomb Threat or Hijack.
Aircraft security is generally the responsibility of the concerned Air Operator, but the Airport operator is also responsible for protecting the airport protection should be clearly defined by the airport authority.
Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for Parked Aircraft
Procedure for normal conditions:
Additional Procedure during heightened threat:
The Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for parked aircraft is as follows:
Requirements for unattended aircraft are:
Aircraft Access Points
Responsibility of the Guard Protecting the Aircraft
The duties and responsibilities of a guard placed for protection of the aircraft are to:
Response to Unauthorized Access to a Parked Aircraft
Response actions to be taken when an unauthorized person gains, or attempts to gain access to a parked aircraft will be as follows: