Chapter – 6.3
Administration of Airports
Several bodies of national and international functions are involved in the daily functions and administration of an airport. An airline must closely co-ordinate with various bodies at the airport and outside the airport to make its operation successful.
Let us look at the various bodies that play a key role in the administration of airports.
Types of Airport Administration
Airport Administration depends on the types of ownership of the airport. They can be either one of the following types:
Types of Airports
Examples in India
Government owned and Operated Airport
NSCBI Airport, Kolkata
Owned by Govt. of India, and Govt’s State looked after by AAI
JV Green Field Airport
MIAL (Mumbai International Airport Ltd.)
Minority Stake of Govt. of India , on lease to GVK Group, who have formed a consortium with foreign venture.
One of the wing of Armed Forces (India Air Force at Bhuj) looks after the Airport, only the Terminal Building is with AAI
Government Owned and Operated Airports
Government Owned and Operated Airports are of two types:
Bhuj Airport– under Air Force controlE
Goa Airport – under control of the Navy
That is why Administration of Airports differs depending on who controls
Persons Involved in Administration of Airports Airport Director and CEO
Typically, a Government owned airport is headed by either:
The Airport Director is the overall in-charge of the Airport and is accountable for all the functioning of the Airport, Which includes daily administration of the airport as well as the Director / CEO, broadly different persons head different wings in airport operations.
The different wings in airport operations could be headed by:
Responsibilities of the General Manager
The General Manager (Operation) is responsible for:
The General Manager (Airport Terminal) is responsible for administration for all passenger Terminal Buildings.
The General Manager (Cargo) is responsible for overall cargo handling Operations at Cargo Terminal. The General Manager reports to theAirport Director.
Wings under Airport Operations
On a broad scale the wings under Airport Operations are
Various Agencies at an Airport
The various agencies operating at an airport are:
Airport Operator is the owner of the airport responsible for all activities at the airport
Air Operator is responsible for all airlines operating from the airport
Aviation Security Group (ASG)
ASG has the responsibility for all security related operations. In India, ASG
is looked after by either of the two;
The chief of ASG is known as Chief Airport Security Officer (CASO).
Various Agencies at an International Airport
At the International Airport, there are several other agencies operating at the airport such as:
Customs Department at International Airports.
The Customs department is responsible for check of he baggage of arriving and departing passengers, crew, and cargo from the point of anti-smuggling, and they levy the Customs Duty on goods transported in the baggage or in the cargo as per the instructions prevalent of the day. It provides the passage of green channel by giving clearance to:
The Immigration department follows rules and regulations issued by the government of a country .Immigration counters are both at the Arrival and Departure level.
The immigration department performs the following roles:
The airport health officer belonging to the airport Health department is responsible for implementing the regulation under health check at an airport.
The Health department performs many duties. A few of them are listed below.
Plant and Animal Quarantine
Plant and animals may carry various diseases that may affect humans, animals, valuable commodities of economic importance like fruits and vegetables.
The Plant and Animal department performs the following functions:
The international terminal building also has several other vendors and agencies that provide facilities to passengers in transit.
A few of them are listed here:
Other Regulatory Agencies
Several regulatory agencies are also involved in the administration of airports.
Regulatory Agencies in the Cargo Terminal
The Cargo Terminal is also headed by a General Manager in charge of Cargo.
The following regulatory bodies are involved in the safeguarding of airports
The following regulatory agencies are located in the cargo terminal